B1 God’s Undershepherds, His leaders
C1 Jesus is Supreme in the church: Ephesians 1:22-23 WEL He has put everything under his feet and given him to be the head of everything in the church, 23 Which is his body, the fullness of him who fills everything of everything.
C2 Jesus is the supreme teacher and leader: Matthew 23:8-12 WEL But you are not to be addressed as Rabbi, because one is your Teacher, the Messiah, and you are all brothers. 9 “Do not address anyone as your “Father” on this earth, because one is your Father, who is in heaven. 10 “Also do not be addressed as “Teachers,” because one is your Teacher, the Messiah. 11 “Instead he who is greatest among you will be your servant. 12 “And whoever will exalt himself will be humbled, but he who will be humble will be exalted.
C3 Jesus’s rules/commands are supreme: John 14:15 WEL If you love me, obey my commandments.
C4 Jesus appoints the offices: Ephesians 4:11-12 WEL He gave some to be apostles, some prophets, some evangelists, some pastors and teachers, 12 For the equipping of the saints for the work of ministry, for building up the body of Christ.
C5 Jesus has plurality of elders in every church:
D1 Acts 14:23 WEL After they had chosen elders in every church and after praying with fasting, they committed them to the Lord on whom they had believed.
D2 Acts 20:17 WEL At Miletus he sent to Ephesus and called for the elders of the church.
B2 Pastors, Deacons, and Deaconesses
D1 A true believer (this is different than claiming to be a believer, for someone might be able to say or teach correct doctrine but their life is not matching the New Testament character and life of a real believer. For the characteristics of a true believer, please read 1 John).
D2 The following are what shows in a person’s life after salvation. I count 18 in the list. Another person may count differently.
E1 First grouping is character traits. These are desire, blameless, vigilant, self-controlled, good behavior, not quarrelsome, not greedy, gentle, not contentious, not covetous.
E2 Second is marital status. He is to be a one-woman man. He does not HAVE to be married, though.
E3 Third is abilities. He is to be hospitable, able to teach, and a good manager at home.
E4 Fourth is addictions. He is not to be addicted to wine. He is also not to be addicted to porn, gambling, drugs, sports, work, etc. It is the addiction that is evil. Addictions affect decisions and judgment.
E5 Fifth is the length of time he has been a Christian.
E6 Sixth is standing in society. He has to have a good reputation in society, with Christians, non-Christians, government, education, etc.
D3 Even though many might have these qualifications, if the calling of God is present, the person will show pastor-like desires and actions.
D4 William Barclay writes on the contrast between a faithful and unfaithful shepherd:
But, on the other hand, there was the unfaithful shepherd. The difference was this. A real shepherd was born to his task. He was sent out with the flock as soon as he was old enough to go; the sheep became his friends and his companions; and it became second nature to think of them before he thought of himself. But the false shepherd came into the job, not as a calling, but as a means of making money. He was in it simply and solely for the pay he could get. He might even be a man who had taken to the hills because the town was too hot to hold him. He had no sense of the height and the responsibility of his task; he was only a hireling.
Wolves were a threat to a flock. Jesus said of his disciples that he was sending them out as sheep in the midst of wolves (Matthew 10:16); Paul warned the elders of Ephesus that grievous wolves would come, not sparing the flock (Acts 20:29). If these wolves attacked, the hireling shepherd forgot everything but the saving of his own life and ran away. Zechariah marks it as the characteristic of a false shepherd that he made no attempt to gather together the scattered sheep (Zechariah 11:16). Carlyle’s father once took this imagery caustically to his speech. In Ecclefechan they were having trouble with their minister; and it was the worst of all kinds of such trouble—it was about money. Carlyle’s father rose and said bitingly: “Give the hireling his wages and let him go.”
Jesus’ point is that the man who works only for reward thinks chiefly of the money; the man who works for love thinks chiefly of the people he is trying to serve. Jesus was the good shepherd who so loved his sheep that for their safety he would risk, and one day give, his life.
D1 Preach the Gospel: 1 Corinthians 1:17 WEL For Christ didn’t send me to baptize but to preach the Gospel, not with wisdom in words lest the cross of Christ be ineffective.
D2 Read, exhort, and teach. The teaching would be teaching the Bible, doctrine, apologetics, and how to live Christian life: 1 Timothy 4:13 WEL Until I come apply yourself to reading [of Scripture], exhortation, and to teaching.
D3 Teach the doctrines of the faith: 1 Timothy 4:6 WEL If you remind the brethren of these things you will be a good servant of Jesus Christ, nourished in the words of faith and good teaching to which you have carefully followed.
D4 Assist in the congregation’s direction in Christian life and outreach: 1 Peter 5:2 WEL Feed the flock of God, which is among you. Take the oversight voluntarily, not by being forced, not for money’s sake but with a willing heart.
D5 Be examples. We must live the same life we teach others to do: 1 Peter 5:3 WEL Do not lord it over God’s heritage, but be examples to the flock.
D6 Practice shepherd leadership. This is seen in the example and life of the Lord Jesus Christ. There are many who say they provide this, but by their life, words, and actions are controlling. The controlling pastor is most likely a false convert to Christianity (Read 3 John about Diotrephes). 1 Peter 5:3 WEL Do not lord it over God’s heritage, but be examples to the flock.
D7 Teach other qualified men: Acts 14:23 WEL After they had chosen elders in every church and after praying with fasting, they committed them to the Lord on whom they had believed.
D8 They need to use discernment: 2 John 1:10 WEL If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not take him into your house, nor greet him.
C3 The qualifications for deacons and deaconesses are similar.
D1 Listed character traits: respectable, not deceitful, not addicted to substances, and not greedy for money.
D2 Spiritual traits: to know and fully believe the doctrines of the Christian faith in such a way to be consistent in their words and lifestyle.
D3 Also, they need to be tested (examined, evaluated) regarding their spiritual traits.
D4 A blessing from God for faithful service is boldness (to live and preach the Gospel) and respect from others (reputation).
D5 The example is Stephen in Acts 6-7.
D1 What are pastors, deacons, and deaconesses?
D2 What are the qualifications?
D3 What is the greatest qualification?
D4 How can we know if one is qualified?
Posted by Choco at 10:15
Labels: Epistle of 1 Timothy, Deaconesses, Deacons, Qualifications of pastors