Bible Study Doctrine Evangelism

Through Faith Alone

Devotional Notes Romans 4
B1 What does this mean?
C1 Abraham’s Salvation Is Through Faith Alone
D1 Verse 1 is a continuation of the thought of Romans 3:31.
D2 All Jews had very high respect for Abraham, the Father of the faithful. How was Abraham made right with God? By keeping the Law? No, the Law did not exist for another 400 years. Abraham was made right with God because he believed God (faith). Circumcision was not a work that justified Abraham either. Some might argue that salvation is faith plus works, but Abraham was justified before he was circumcised.
D3 Salvation is through grace alone by faith alone in Jesus Christ alone. Verse 3 WEL What does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited as righteousness to him.” This is a quote from Genesis 15:6. This is imputation, which is (ISBE): The word “imputation,” according to the Scriptural usage, denotes an attributing of something to a person, or a charging of one with anything, or a setting of something to one’s account.
D4 Verse 4-8 clearly states that faith is NOT a work. Another translation: Romans 4:4-5 NET Now to the one who works, his pay is not credited due to grace but due to obligation. 5 But to the one who does not work, but believes in the one who declares the ungodly righteous, his faith is credited as righteousness.
D5 Verse 9-10
E1 Clearly shows that salvation is not just for Jews (a huge problem for 1st century Jews). Salvation is also for Gentiles.
E2 Salvation was credited to Abraham’s account. He did not earn it.
E3 Salvation came before circumcision. Circumcision is not needed for salvation.
E4 Ephesians 4:7-9 WEL So that in the ages to come he might show the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. 8 For by grace, you are saved through faith and that [is] not of yourselves, [it is] the gift of God, 9 Not of works, lest anyone should boast.
D6 Verse 11 shows that circumcision is not required as it is for Jews. To Jews, circumcision is a sign of God’s covenant with them. Circumcision to Gentiles, it is a medical procedure. On the other hand, salvation is the very same salvation for Jews and Gentiles. See Acts 10.
D7 Verse 12 teaches that the only Jews who have salvation are those who believe just like Abraham believed.
D8 On verses 13-17, Robertson Robertson writes: In these verses (Romans 4:13) Paul employs (Sanday and Headlam) the keywords of his gospel (faith, promise, grace) and arrays them against the current Jewish theology (law, works, merit).
D9 Verse 13, God’s promises to Abraham being heir of the world was not through Mosaic law but through righteousness because of a person’s faith, that is, believing God.
D10 Verse 16, faith shows that salvation is through grace, not works. God gets the credit for salvation. Barclay writes:
To Abraham God made a very great and wonderful promise. He promised that he would become a great nation, and that in him all families of the earth would be blessed (Genesis 12:2-3). In truth, the earth would be given to him as his inheritance. Now that promise came to Abraham because of the faith that he showed towards God. It did not come because he piled up merit by doing works of the law. It was the outgoing of God’s generous grace in answer to Abraham’s absolute faith. The promise, as Paul saw it, was dependent on two things and two things only–the free grace of God and the perfect faith of Abraham.
The Jews were still asking, “How can a man enter into the right relationship with God so that he too may inherit this great promise?” Their answer was, “He must do so by acquiring merit in the sight of God through doing works which the law prescribes.” That is to say, he must do it by his own efforts. Paul saw with absolute clearness that this Jewish attitude had completely destroyed the promise. It had done so for this reason—no man can fully keep the law; therefore, if the promise depends on keeping the law, it can never be fulfilled.
D11 Verse 20 compare with Romans 1:21 where most humans do not do like Abraham. They gave God no credit or honor for what He has done, is doing, and will do, nor be thankful.
D12 Verse 23, a reason we have the written Scriptures, and the Old Testament is for us to have facts and teaching about God and His ways.
D13 Verse 24, we inherit the blessings IF we believe. This shows that the fulfillment of promises is conditional being based on faith.
D14 Verse 24-25
E1 All must believe God’s gospel as delivered by God the Son, Jesus Christ.
F1 We must believe that Jesus was raised from the dead. It was not resuscitation but resurrection.
F2 Delivered (handed over) because of our transgressions (To commit an offense by violating a law, principle, or duty (Source)).
F3 Jesus’s resurrection proves our justification. We cannot know if Jesus died for His own sins or was an acceptable substitute for ours. If Jesus did not rise, then we are not justified. Jesus did rise, so we are justified! That He was resurrected was witnessed by over 500 brothers and sisters. 1 Corinthians 15:6 NIV After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers and sisters at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep.
F5 Gary Habermas has many articles and books.
E2 These verses show the importance of Jesus Christ’s resurrection, death, punishment for our sins, and resurrection, which proves and provides our justification.
C3 Questions
D1 What is the importance of Abraham’s believing God?
D2 Why is believing God successful but keeping the Mosaic Law unsuccessful?
D3 Which was first—believing God or circumcision?
D4 What is the importance of Jesus’s resurrection?
B2 How do I apply this to my life? Thank you, O Lord, for all your works and dealings with others.
Posted by Choco at 15:44
Labels: Abraham’s faith, Grace, Faith of works, Epistle of Romans


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