F1 The Hebrew word for wrath is אַף ʼaph. It means nostril in a plain sense of heavy breathing to exceptionally angry in an applied sense.
F2 The Greek word for wrath is ὀργή orgḗ. It means: Wrath (3709) (orge from orgaô = to teem, to swell) conveys the picture of a swelling which eventually bursts, and thus describes an anger that proceeds from one’s settled nature. Orge does not refer to uncontrollable anger to which men are so prone but to God’s settled indignation and controlled passionate hostile feeling toward sin in all its various manifestations. Settled indignation means that God’s holiness cannot and will not coexist with sin in any form whatsoever. Orge is not the momentary, emotional, and often uncontrolled anger (thumos – 2372) to which human beings are prone. Orge is used primarily of God’s holy, righteous wrath but occasionally refers to the wrath of men (see Ephesians 4:31-note) (Source You need to scroll down).
F3 God’s wrath is always righteous. He is not angry unnecessarily. He wrath is holy. He is slow to anger, but He does get angry.
F4 Some verses
G1 Exodus 22:22-24 NRSV You shall not abuse any widow or orphan. 23 If you do abuse them, when they cry out to me, I will surely heed their cry; 24 my wrath will burn, and I will kill you with the sword, and your wives shall become widows and your children orphans.
G2 1 Thessalonians 1:10 HCSB and to wait for His Son from heaven, whom He raised from the dead—Jesus, who rescues us from the coming wrath.
F5 God becomes angry at
G1 Sin (John 2:14-17, Romans 1:18)
G2 Disobedience (Ephesians 5:5-6, Hebrews 2:1-2)
G3 Unbelief (Romans 2:5, Mark 16:14)
F6 A few comments from others
G1 ISBE: Wrath is used with reference to both God and man. When used of God it is to be understood that there is the complete absence of that caprice and unethical quality so prominent in the anger attributed to the gods of the heathen and to man. The divine wrath is to be regarded as the natural expression of the divine nature, which is absolute holiness, manifesting itself against the willful, high-handed, deliberate, inexcusable sin and iniquity of mankind. God’s wrath is always regarded in the Scripture as the just, proper, and natural expression of His holiness and righteousness which must always, under all circumstances, and at all costs be maintained. It is therefore a righteous indignation and compatible with the holy and righteous nature of God (Numbers 11:1-10; Deuteronomy 29:27; 2 Samuel 6:7; Isaiah 5:25; Isaiah 42:25; Jeremiah 44:6; Psalm 79:6). The element of love and compassion is always closely connected with God’s anger; if we rightly estimate the divine anger we must unhesitatingly pronounce it to be but the expression and measure of that love (compare Jeremiah 10:24; Ezekiel 23; Amos 3:2).
G2 God is holy; He totally and completely distances Himself from sin, evil, corruption, and the resultant filth and guilt. He maintains His purity and rejects, fights against, and destroys that which would offend, attack, or undo His holiness and love. Hence, God’s anger and wrath must always be seen in relation to His maintaining and defending His attributes of love and holiness, as well as His righteousness and justice. The emotion or passion that moves God to this maintaining and defending is expressed by the terms “displeasure, ” “indignation, ” “anger, ” and “wrath.” A consequence of his wrath is vengeance, punishment, and death. (Source)
F1 This is not a controlling leadership but shepherd leadership. I’ve written about this before here, here, and here. John 10:14 NKJV I am the good shepherd; and I know My sheep, and am known by My own.
G1 A shepherd calls for his sheep (he cares) John 10:3
G2 A shepherd knows his sheep (John 10:14)
G3 A shepherd gathers his sheep (John 10:16)
G4 A shepherd guides his sheep (Psalm 23:3)
G5 A shepherd loves his sheep (Isaiah 40:11)
G6 A shepherd protects his sheep even to the end (John 10:28)
G7 A shepherd is willing to die for his sheep (John 10:11)
G8 A shepherd gives good things to his sheep (John 10:28)
G9 A shepherd tells the truth (Psalm 15:2-3)
F2 The opposite is the controlling leader also known as the hunter.
G1 Genesis 10:8-9 BSB And Cush was the father of Nimrod, who grew to be [literally “established himself as”] a mighty warrior on the earth. 9 He was a mighty hunter before [literally “in defiance of”] the LORD; so it is said, “Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before [literally “in defiance of”] the LORD.”
G2 3 John 1:9-11 GW I wrote a letter to the congregation. But Diotrephes, who loves to be in charge, won’t accept us. 10 For this reason, when I come I will bring up what he’s doing. He’s not satisfied with saying malicious things about us. He also refuses to accept the believers we send as guests. He even tries to stop others who want to accept them and attempts to throw those people out of the congregation. 11 Dear friend, never imitate evil, but imitate good. The person who does good is from God. The person who does evil has never seen God.
G2 A few characteristics
H1 A hunter (controlling leader) is spiritually blind (Matthew 15:14)
H2 A hunter misuses Scripture (instead of using them in the plain, normal sense) (Luke 4:10)
H3 A hunter deceives (2 Timothy 3:13)
H4 A hunter slanders (Revelation 2:9, 1 Timothy 5:14-15)
H5 A hunter lies (John 8:44)
H6 A hunter murders (John 8:44)
H7 A hunter presents themselves as angels of light (2 Corinthians 11:14)
H8 A hunter gives false messages from themselves instead of God (Jeremiah 23:16)
H9 A hunter gives messages for financial reward (money, books, etc.) (2 Peter 2:1-3)
H10 A hunter teaches lies (2 Timothy 2:17-18)
H11 A hunter uses “smooth talk” and flattery to win admirers (Romans 16:18)
H12 A hunter uses charm to deceive and win over people to them (Proverbs 26:24-25)
H13 A hunter looks for prey (sexual, financial, etc.) (1 Peter 5:8)
F3 A few points on safety We can recognize them by
G1 Knowing the truth (2 Timothy 3:16-17)
G2 Studying the truth (2 Timothy 2:15)
G3 Believing the truth (interpretation in the plain, normal sense) (1 Timothy 4:3)
G4 Praying for the truth (Psalm 25:5)
G5 Be alert at all times (1 Peter 5:8)
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