The Ultimate Sacrifice
Theme: The Sacrificial Savior
Scripture: John 19.1-42
B1 Pilate sentenced Jesus to be crucified John 19.1-16
B2 The soldiers crucified Jesus John 19.17-27
B3 Jesus died John 19.28-37
B4 Jesus buried John 19.38-42
A2 Notes and questions
B1 Name some ways people try to find religious peace and forgiveness of sins.
B2 What’s flogging, and why did Pilate flog Jesus?
C1 In short it is being whipped. A person is securely tied to something, then whipped.
C4 Probably hoping that this whipping would satisfy the Jews, and then Pilate could let Jesus free.
B3 John 19.1-3
C1 Why did the soldiers dress Jesus in a crown of thorns, purple robe, and say, “Hail, King of the
D2 Did not believe despite everything Jesus had done in His 3+ years of ministry.
D3 Why did Jesus patiently endure all this?
D4 Pilate wanted some sort of compromise between justice and the wishes of the Jews. Why
does this type of compromise fail?
C2 Why did Jesus willfully suffer like this?
B4 John 19.4-5. What crime did Pilate find Jesus guilty of?
B5 John 19.6-11
C1 Why did the chief priests and their officials want so deeply for Jesus to die?
D1 ““If we let Him alone like this, everyone will believe in Him, and the Romans will come
And take away both our place and nation.” ” (John 11:48, NKJV)
D2 The leaders had rejected God and His ways.
E1 ““Woe to you lawyers! For you have taken away the key of knowledge. You did not enter in yourselves, and those who were entering in you hindered.” ” (Luke 11:52, NKJV)
E2 ““that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar. “Assuredly, I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation. “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing! “See! Your house is left to you desolate; ” (Matthew 23:35-38, NKJV)
C2 What did Pilate have that the Jewish leaders did not have? (He feared after he heard that
Jesus had claimed to be the Son of God).
C3 What didn’t Jesus answer Pilate?
C4 What does it mean when Jesus responded to Pilate (…the greater sin)?
D1 It is not Judas. Judas betrayed Jesus to the Sanhedrin.
D2 It would be the Sanhedrin who wanted Jesus dead.
E1 “And one of them, Caiaphas, being high priest that year, said to them, “You know nothing at all, “nor do you consider that it is expedient for us that one man should die for the people, and not that the whole nation should perish.” ” (John 11:49-50, NKJV)
E2 “Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the Praetorium, and it was early morning. But they themselves did not go into the Praetorium, lest they should be defiled, but that they might eat the Passover. Pilate then went out to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this Man?” They answered and said to him, “If He were not an evildoer, we would not have delivered Him up to you.” ” (John 18:28-30, NKJV)
B6 John 19:12-16
C1 The Jewish leaders kept shouting, ““If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar.
Anyone who claims to be a king opposes Caesar.” Why did this motivate Pilate to action?
C2 Was Pilate serious when he told the crowd, “Here is your king”?
C3 Why was Pilate in fear of the crowd’s claim in John 19.12?
D1 Tiberius was Caesar.
D2 Tiberius was very jealous and cruel. Any talk of another “king” was treason. Even to be accused of treason was enough to bring about the death penalty. See “If thou let this man go,thou art not Cæsar’s friend. . . .—There was another weapon left in the armoury of their devices, against which no Roman governor was proof. The jealous fear of Tiberius had made treason” a crime, of which the accusation was practically the proof, and the proof was death.
The pages of Tacitus and Suetonius abound with examples of ruin wreaked on families in the name of the “law of treason.” (Comp. Merivale: History of the Romans under the Empire, vol.v., p. 143 et seq.) Here was One who had claimed to be a king, and Pilate was seeking to release Him. They knew, indeed, that it was a claim to be “king” in a sense widely different from any which would have affected the empire of Cæsar; but Pilate has refused to condemn Him on the political charge without formal trial, and he has refused to accept their own condemnation of Jesus on the charge of blasphemy. He dare not refuse the force of an Appeal which says that he is not Cæsar’s friend, and suggests an accusation against himself at Rome. See Note on Matthew 27:2 for the special reasons which would lead Pilate to dread such an accusation. (Source).
D3 “He is despised and rejected by men, A Man of sorrows and acquainted with grief. And We hid, as it were, our faces from Him; He was despised, and we did not esteem Him. (Isaiah 53:3, NKJV)
C4 John 19.14
D1 Was the “Preparation Day” Saturday or Friday? Authorities differ, but “Preparation Day” seems to be Friday because of “”Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. “(John 19:31, NKJV). “…on the cross on the Sabbath” would have been Saturday, thus Jesus would have been crucified on Friday. The Passover was part of the Feast of Unleavened Bread which was for 7 days. See Deuteronomy 16.1-8 and Mark 14.1. The Passover sacrifice was at evening twilight on Friday (Deuteronomy 16.6) and Saturday was the Sabbath. The bodies were not to be left on the crosses on Saturday, that is, the Sabbath.
D2 Another issue is an apparent contradiction between Mark and John. Mark states that
Jesus was crucified at the third hour, while John states it was the sixth hour. Most commentators that they spoke from different reckoning of time. The Jews ended the day at sunset, while the Romans at midnight. See here for comment. It is under John 19.14.
C5 Why did Pilate relent and give the Jewish leaders what they wanted?
B7 John 19.17-27
C1 Why did Jesus carry His own cross?
C2 Why were the chief priests so angry at the sign that Pilate ordered written that Jesus is King
Of the Jews?
C3 Why did the soldiers gamble away Jesus’s clothing? (See John 19.24 which is a quote from
C4 What is the importance of the words “fulfilled Scripture?”
C5 Why did Jesus say to His mother that John was her son, and to John He said that Mary was his mother?
B8 John 19.28-37 What is the meaning of Jesus’s works, “It is finished?”
C1 The Greek word means finished as in “Paid in full.” The debt of sin was paid.
C2 Jesus is our Passover Lamb (1 Corinthians 5:7).
C3 It was with a loud voice. He did not die from the crucifixion; He died because He had finished His death, the punishment for sins. Matthew 20.28, Matthew 27:50, Mark 15:37,
C4 It was said in JFB commentary on this verse–It is finished! and he bowed his head and gave up the ghost—What is finished? The Law is fulfilled as never before, nor since, in His “obedience unto death, even the death of the cross”; Messianic prophecy is accomplished; Redemption is completed; “He hath finished the transgression, and made reconciliation for iniquity, and brought in everlasting righteousness, and sealed up the vision and prophecy, and anointed a holy of holies”; He has inaugurated the kingdom of God and given birth to a new world.
C5 Why was the order given to break the legs of those crucified?
C6 Why was Jesus’s legs not broken?
C7 Name some of the eye-witnesses here? Why is this important? Do the eye-witnesses of that day more ignorant that some scholars who live now?
C8 What was the proof that Jesus really was dead?
B9 John 19:38-42
C1 Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus came and took Jesus’s body. Why are they considered
to be brave men?
C2 Why did they bring so much spices? (75 to 100 pounds). (Possibly, it was an expression of
their deep love for Jesus).
C3 Wilbur Pickering comments on this verse–”Isaiah 53:9 affirms that the Messiah would have a rich man’s burial, and He did—a brand new tomb (rather large), and a hundred pounds of
expensive spices. The body of an executed criminal would normally be treated ignominiously,
and I imagine that was what the high priests intended, but the Father made sure that the Son received an honorable burial.”
B10 Some of the fulfilled prophecies from here.
By Choco on 18 Mar 16